SCIENTIFIC NAME

Citrus x limon

CLASSIFICATION

Fruit

SEASON

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

About

Lemons are grown throughout the year in WA, but are predominantly a winter crop. They are grown in the Gingin region, Perth Hills and in the South West, particularly around Harvey.

With less local lemons available in summer (our off peak season), they are often bought in from the USA (during the America’s peak winter production season) and sometimes from Queensland, so you should be able to find lemons at your greengrocer through-out the year.

Select bright fruit that feels heavy for its size (indicates juiciness). Lemons are best stored in the fridge but can be stored at room temperature for up to a week.

Lemons can be juiced or zested. To juice, roll the lemon, cut in quarters and squeeze, either through a strainer to remove pips or watch for pips as you squeeze the lemon. To zest a lemon, first wash it and then grate the skin on the smallest diameter grater holes.

Lemons are used to flavour foods from desserts to savouries and a slice of lemon even flavours a cup of black tea!

Lemons are very high in Vitamin C and contain citric acid which is often used for its anti-bacterial and cleansing properties.

LEMON  
Nutrient Value per 100 g
Proximates  
Energy, including dietary fibre 115 kJ
Moisture 89 g
Protein 0.6 g
Nitrogen 0.1 g
Fat 0.2 g
Ash 0.2 g
Dietary fibre 2.5 g
Fructose 0.6 g
Glucose 0.8 g
Sucrose 0.4 g
Total sugars 1.8 g
Available carbohydrate, without sugar alcohols 1.8 g
Available carbohydrate, with sugar alcohols 1.8 g
Organic Acids  
Malic acid 0.3 g
Citric acid 4.5 g
Minerals  
Calcium (Ca) 20 mg
Iron (Fe) 0.3 mg
Magnesium (Mg) 9 mg
Potassium (K) 120 mg
Sodium (Na) 2 mg
Zinc (Zn) 0.1 mg
Vitamins  
Thiamin (B1) 0.04 mg
Riboflavin (B2) 0.02 mg
Niacin (B3) 0.2 mg
Niacin Equivalents 0.62 mg
Folate, natural 11 ug
Total folates 11 ug
Dietary folate equivalents 11 ug
Alpha carotene 0 ug
Beta carotene 10 ug
Beta carotene equivalents 10 ug
Xanthophyl 0 ug
Retinol equivalents 2 ug
Vitamin C 48 mg

Source:

NUTTAB 2010(Food Standards Australia New Zealand); The University of New South Wales; Professor Heather Greenfield and co-workers at the University of New South Wales; Tables of composition of Australian Aboriginal Foods (J Brand-Miller, KW James and PMA Maggiore).